THE PERSONALITY ELEMENTS IN COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGY

ACCREDITED SENIOR PSYCHOTHERAPIST/COUNSELLOR -Dr.Fawzy Masaoud-LONDON, ENGLAND

It is useful to know some good information about the personality elements according to the psychology .

Freud proposed that the personality was constructed of three systems that are interrelated to form the whole personality: the id, the ego and the superego.

1- The id

constitutes the most primitive part of the personality. It motivates our basic pleasure seeking drives such as hunger, thirst and sexual desire. It operates solely according to the pleasure principle -seeking pleasure and avoiding pain, without moral or social restraint. Imagine what chaos and anarchy would prevail if we lived our lives governed only by the id, each destroying whatever is necessary for our own gain, and seeking pleasure any time and place. This does not happen though, as at some stage in the child’s development, the ego is constructed.

2- The ego

constitutes the practical aspect of the human personality. It operates according to…

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