WHAT IS THE DEVELOPMENTAL AND INTERACTIVE EXPRESSIONS OF BEHAVIOUR?
issue is whether our behaviour is largely a consequence of our past (childhood)
experience, or whether it is influenced primarily by our present circumstances.
Freud and others of the psychoanalytical school emphasise childhood experiences
as critical factors in determining our behaviour. These include influences from
the past, such as how we were parented or past psychological traumas. They also
include the experiences that a child normally passes through during its
development, such as learning that a mother’s absence is not permanent each time,
she leaves the room, or the hormonal changes experienced by a teenager. All of
these are called developmental influences on behaviour, and the main question
is: What experiences in the person’s past or at the present stage of
development are causing this behaviour?
Other theorists emphasise the influence of a person’s current experience
on their behaviour. These theorists focus on interactive explanations of behaviour which…
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