WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF HUMAN BEHAVIOUR?

ACCREDITED SENIOR PSYCHOTHERAPIST * COUNSELLOR . . . COMEDY WRITER * Dr.FAWZY MASAOUD * LONDON. ENGLAND

There are many
different theories and models within psychology which try to explain our
behaviour, emotion and thoughts. Each
theory contributes something different and increases our understanding.

Therefore, basically psychologists
start out with a hypothesis or idea, which they then test. This idea is the
basis for empirical (experimental and observed) research.

Definitions:
Model –
1) A way of
representing patterns of relationships in human behaviour.

Or
2) In social psychology, a person
whose behaviour is closely observed.


Theory –
A set of assumptions advanced to explain
existing phenomena and predict new events.


Paradigm – Representation
or model of reality.

Hypothesis –
Explanation for observed data that still has to be tested.

Hypothesis testing – Gathering
information and testing alternative explanations of certain phenomena.

Empirical – A finding based on
experience or observed evidence, the basis for experimental science.

  1. Neurobiological approach

Some psychologists
maintain a close link with the discipline…

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