WHAT are the autonomic and somatic Nervous systems?
In the three previous articles [ NEUROLOGICAL BASIS OF BEHAVIOUR ] ,
[ THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM AND BEHAVIOUR , [
THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (PNS) ] I
showed simple information about them.
In this article I complete simple information about The Autonomic and Somatic Nervous Systems.
The PNS is further divided into the somatic nervous system
and the autonomic nervous system. The somatic nervous system controls skeletal
muscles to permit voluntary movement, such as walking or raising one’s hand, or
chewing. Autonomic means “self
governing” and this nervous system is so described because it deals with unconscious
and automatic behaviours, such as the regulation of organs (heart, blood
vessels, stomach) and glands that help maintain bodily homeostasis.
The autonomic nervous system also contains two sub-systems:
1)- The sympathetic system – which stimulates action and output of energy to enable appropriate response;
2)- The parasympathetic system – which…
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