WHAT ARE THE PERCEPTUAL BIASES IN MENTAL HEALTH?

ACCREDITED SENIOR PSYCHOTHERAPIST,COUNSELLOR, CBT THERAPIST AND COMEDY WRITER -Dr.Fawzy Masaoud-LONDON, ENGLAND

Perceptual biases are certain
tendencies to perceive things in one way or another. They have the effect of
closing us off from alternative perceptions that may be more accurate.

1-Stereotypes

Stereotypes are judgements about
people and groups based on assumptions about groups to which they belong. They
are based on generalisations (assuming everyone in the group shares certain
qualities) and simplistic thinking (making judgements without sufficient
knowledge).

Stereotypes can be neutral
(businessmen wear suits), positive (women are kinder), or negative (men are
poor communicators). However, what is a positive or neutral stereotype for one
person may be negative to another (e.g. women are naturally giving).
Stereotypes came from relating beliefs and concepts that are not necessarily
attached to each other (e.g. women and nurturing; men and chivalry).

Finally, stereotypes are learned, and can be
unlearned.

2-Halo effect

This refers to the tendency to make
positive judgements about a person of…

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