WHAT IS THE ATTRIBUTION THEORY IN MENTAL HEALTH?

ACCREDITED SENIOR PSYCHOTHERAPIST/COUNSELLOR -Dr.Fawzy Masaoud-LONDON, ENGLAND

Attribution theories attempt to explain the process
of applying causes to the behaviour of both ourselves and others. We tend to attribute behaviour to external (situational)
or internal (personal) causes and may attribute causes differently in different
situations. Attribution affects how we perceive others and ourselves.

Kelly (1973) identified three factors that determine
whether we are more likely to explain an individual’s behaviour in a given
situation in terms of personal (internal) or situational (external) factors.

  • 1-Consistency – This is high when a person always or usually behaves in a similar fashion, and low when the person only acts that way sometimes.
  • 2-Distinctiveness -This is high when the person’s behaviour is noticeable in some way, and low when it does not seem to stand out.

  • 3-Consensus -This is high when it is considered that most people would behave in a similar way, and low when it is…

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