WHAT IS THE ATTRIBUTION THEORY IN MENTAL HEALTH?

ACCREDITED SENIOR PSYCHOTHERAPIST/COUNSELLOR -Dr.Fawzy Masaoud-LONDON, ENGLAND

Attribution theories attempt to explain the process of applying causes
to the behaviour of both ourselves and others.
We tend to attribute behaviour to external (situational) or internal
(personal) causes and may attribute causes differently in different situations.
Attribution affects how we perceive others and ourselves.

Kelly (1973) identified three factors that determine whether we are more
likely to explain an individual’s behaviour in a given situation in terms of
personal (internal) or situational (external) factors.

  • 1-Consistency – This is high when a person always or usually behaves ina similar fashion, and low when the person only acts that waysometimes.

  • 2-Distinctiveness -This is high when the person’s behaviour is noticeablein some way, and low when it does not seem to stand out.

  • 3-Consensus -This is high when it is considered that most people would behave in a similar way, and low when it is believed that most…

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