WHAT IS THE SOCIAL LEARNING IN MENTAL HEALTH?
Bandura’s theory recognises the
importance of positive reinforcement, punishment and other consequences in
influencing behaviour. He also saw that learning through observations of other
people (modelling) was an important influence. Personal change is enabled
through the client experiencing mastery and success, which improves their expectancies
expanded on this theory to propose that early childhood experiences and
critical experiences resulted in the formation of schemas which determine the
way in which individuals perceive their world.
Therefore, it is how an individual perceives what happens to them,
rather than the event itself that is significant.
- Personal construct theory
Kelly (1955) agreed with the
phenomenologists in that he saw no external objective reference point that
could be used for psychometric testing.
He viewed personality as consisting of constructs that represent an individual’s
way of viewing themselves and the world around them. These are core
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