WHAT IS THE TECHNIQUE OF COGNITIVE -BEHAVIOURAL THERAPIES?

SENIOR ACCREDITED PSYCHOTHERAPIST / COUNSELLOR -Dr.Fawzy Masaoud-LONDON, ENGLAND

In Bandura’s (1977) formulation, four primary forms of learning are recognized: direct associative experience, vicarious learning, symbolic instruction, and symbolic logic. Since therapy is viewed as a learning experience, these four forms are often integrated into Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy. Directed skills training (behaviour rehearsal),for example, represents an application of associative experience.  Symbolic,live, and imaginal models are often used to demonstrate skills and communicaterealistic contingencies. Verbal techniques   ranging from didactive instruction to logical self-scrutiny are relied upon in instances where irrational thought patterns or inadequate   coping skills are believed to be operative (cf. Ellis, 1962;   Beck,  1976; Meichenbaum, 1977).In many instances the techniques (or procedures) employed by the Cognitive-Behavioral therapist are not dramatically different from those used by more traditional behaviourtherapists (although it is also easy to find procedural differences). This may reflect the fact that the primary source of ideological divergence   between these two groups lies more within the…

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